China is a united family, fifty-six ethnic groups loving each other dearly. Many ethnic villages, due to their own distinctive features, look like gems on the vast territory. Whether from the perspective of their dwellings styles or the folk customs, they all reflect their economic and social development, as well as cultural characteristics. Ethnic villages, the effective vehicle to preserving national culture, are the valuable resource for developing characteristic economy. Ethnic villages, the epitome of history and culture of ethnic groups, are the concentration of human spirits, wisdom in labour, aesthetic psychology.