Yarkand travel guide

Yarkand in brief Situated in the west of the Tarim Basin (southwest of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region), Yarkand County seats in the south of the Karakoram Range and the north of the Pamir Plateau. The downtown of Yarkand is around 1,666 kilometers from Urumqi, the capital city of Xinjiang. With a population of 620,791(in 2003), Yarkand spreads out about 9,037 square kilometers and is at an elevation of 1,231 meters. On this land which is made up of plain and mountains, several ethnic groups live together, mainly including the Uigur, the Han, the Tajik, the Hui the Ozbek (Uzibek) and the Kirgiz. In Han Dynasty, Yarkand had been one of the key positions in the Western Regions (a Han Dynasty term for the area west of Yumenguan, including what is now Xinjiang and parts of Central Asia) with the opening up of the Silk Road. In Tang Dynasty, the famous Italian traveler and merchant Marco Polo (1254-1324) made light of traveling thousands of kilometers to Yarkand, taking notes on what he had experienced and enjoyed there. Favorably endowed rich resources, amazing natural sights, cultural heritage and unique folk custom, Yarkand possesses many beautiful attractions, e.g. mosques, ...More information about Yarkand »

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