Aba in brief
Covering an area of around 84,000 square kilometers, Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture is located at northwest Sichuan Province, bordering Chengdu Plain and the southeast of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. It is a main area where the Tibetan and Qiang ethnic minorities live, which take up more than 70% of the total population of 847, 000 (by 2003) of Aba.
For all the time, Aba has been captivating people for its unique ethnic beauty. Due to the complex geography and various climates, many rare flora and fauna resources can still be found there, for example, the living fossils of panda and davidiainvolucrata, and some famous world natural heritage like Jiuzhaigou Valley and Huanglong (Yellow Dragon) Scenic Area are hailed as masterwork without being polluted in industrial civilization. By virtue of its pure beauty, Aba has been acknowledged as one of the best ecological tourist destination in the world. Apart from its breathtaking natural charm, Aba also shows people its mysterious culture. In the upstream area of the Minjiang River, which is a tributary of the Yangtze and passes through Aba, many cultural relics, e.g. sarcophaguses, bronze wares, jades, gold and silver wares and potteries of China's Warring States Period (475 BC – 221 BC), which concentrated and represented its cultural flavor and wisdom of the Qiang's ancestor have been unearthed.
Just as other ethnic groups of China, the Qiang has its unique features in folk song and dance, ethnic dress, traditional embroidery, food and even in medical science, astronomy, geography and art. And on architecture, the Taoping Qiang Village, the Jiarong Tibetan Blockhouse and the temples there well tell their skillfulness.