Background Brief

The Mongolian "Kanas" means "the lake in the valley". Covering an area of 45.73 square kilometers with 188.5 meter-deepest point, Kanas Lake is surrounded by the Altai Mountains forest zones. Kanas district is a national reserve with a total protection area of 5588 square kilometers and altitude among 1300-4374 meters. Friendship Peak (4370 meters), the highest peak of Altai Mountains is standing on the joint border of China, Russia and Mongolia.

Not only there are plenty of natural resources and animals in Kanas, the tourism environment and cultural resources here is also rich and unique, perfectly combining vigorous sceneries of North China and charming mountain and river sceneries of South China together. In addition, scenic spots such as Glory in Sea Cloud, Color Changing Lake and Floodwood Causeway have become the most attracting attractions in Xinjiang already.

Arriving in Kanas Lake, you will find a paradise for spending vocations. Thick forests stand by the riverbank, giving out scent of pines. In grasslands on the hill, there are blocks of log cabins, including new European-style houses and local traditional houses of Tuwa People. The lakeside is covered with lush grasses and trees, some trestles stretching to the middle of the lake. Mid-level morning fogs and beautiful lakeside sceneries can be viewed from the bridgehead and you can reach the other side of the river by the yacht. A wooden bridge connects the east and the west of the lake in the drain opening of the lake. Standing on the bridge, flat Dragon Bay is to the north while rushing Kanas River lies to the south. In the evening, everything here is shrouded in golden and smoke is rising to the sky slowly from kitchen chimneys. Such beautiful sceneries of Kanas is entitled the "Oriental Switzerland Scenery".


Hemu Grassland is lying in an intermountain fault basin where Kanas River and Hemu River meet, ranging from 1124 meters to 2300 meters. Surrounded by thick and broad mountains and cut by the rivers, the basin has formed complicated landforms. Hemu River runs through and cut the grassland into two parts: in the cloudy slop, there are thick green forests where red deer, marmot and snow cock inhabit; while green grasses and blooming flowers cover the sunny slop in the other side: bees are busy making honey, flocks and herds are playing around the mountain- a charming grassland picture. Hemu town is the northern-most town in West China where the traditional Tuwa Ethnic Group, who preserves the most complete ethnic traditions, lives in its Hemu Village. Hemu Village is the biggest village among the three villages of Tuwa people with a total area of 3040 square kilometers. The log cabins of Tuwa People scatter over the alpine grasslands.


The natural and primitive sceneries of Hemu are beautiful and unique, Hemu River running through from northeast to southwest and primitive villages and grasslands combining perfectly. Reaching Hemu Village, you'll see groups of small log cabins and flocks of herds which construct catachrestic natural and cultural sceneries with snow mountains, forests, grassland and blue sky. These log cabins have become the symbol of Tuwa People, which is simple, ancient-style and with the traditional feature of nomadic nationality. A large part of the log cabin is buried in the earth to keep from the cold that lasts for almost half a year. The house is made up of single-deck logs with diameter of 30 to 40 centimeters so that the house can be both warm and dampproof. A "人" shaped rainshed is fixed on top of the cabins.


The most beautiful sceneries can be appreciated in Hemu of Kanas region: mountain trees in gorgeous colors, bright and colorful, a typical attraction with primitive natural sceneries. A birds' view of Hemu Village and Hemu River can be got on the surrounding hills of Hemu Villages: sunrise, snow mountains and trickling sluggishly streams in the distant and the Tuwa People around... a wonderful paradise for shooting!