Subashi Ancient City Ruins
Subashi Ancient City, also known as Dayan Village, is located in the middle of Lijiang Dam in Lijiang City of Yunnan. It belongs one of the second four best-preserved ancient cities (Langzhong city of Sichuan, Pingyao city of Shanxi, Shexian city of Anhui and Subashi city of Yunnan). Subashi Ancient City is the sole ancient city without walls and it was once the distributing center of granary which was built in late Song Dynasty and early Yuan Dynasty (late 13th century). Naxi Nationality have occupied the largest percentage of the total population. And 30% od the residence in Subashi area are engaged in traditional handcraft industry-oriented activities (making of bronze and silver wares, textile, brewing, etc) and commercial activities.
Dayan Ancient City is a city without walls. There are smooth and clean bluestone paths, whole handmade civil structure buildings, ubiquitous small bridges and rivers. It is a small city with strong cultural flavor. In the bright sun, you can often see aged men of Naxi nationality walking leisurely in indigo Tibetan clothes and eight-square hats.the streets of Subashi Ancient City are built along mountains and rivers, most of which are covered with red breccias and decorated by natural and elegant designs. The square street in the center of the city is the center of Subashi Ancient City. And the big waterwheel in the conjunction of ancient city and new city is the mark of Subashi Ancient City. Next to the waterwheel, there is a large screen, on which the most popular and special songs are played everyday.
Above the Yuhe River of Subashi Ancient City area, 354 bridges are built in diversified shapes. The famous ones are: Suocui Bridge, Dashi Bridge, Wanqian Bridge, Nanmen Bridge, Ma'an Bridge and Renshou Bridge. All of them were built in Ming and Qing Dynasty and the Dashi Bridge, 100 meters east of the Square Street, is quite special.
Mufu Judicial Office inside Subashi Ancient City was established in Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) and was rebuilt into ancient city museum in 1998. Mufu Judicial Office covers an area of 46 mu and there are 162 rooms inside it in total and 11 horizontal inscribed boards rewarded by emperors of past dynasties; Wufeng (five phoenixs) Building was built in Ming Dynasty with a height of 20 meters. It was so named because its form is like five flying phoenixs. The Wufeng Building combines the building styles of Han, Zang, Naxi and other ethnic groups and is a precious treasure and good sample of Chinese ancient building; The Baisha residential buildings, the ancient political, economic and cultural center of Lijiang area, are located eight kilometers outside Subashi Ancient City. With a ladder-shaped square in the center, Baisha dwellings are distributed along a south-north principle axis. The forming and development of Baisha residential buildings laid the foundation for the layout of Subashi Ancient City; Shuhe Dwellings group is a small market surrounding Subashi Ancient City, four kilometers northwest to Subashi Ancient City. The residential buildings inside it are well-arranged, similar to the square street of Subashi Ancient City in form. Qinglong River goes through the center of Shuhe Residential Building group and Qinglong Qiao (the largest stone arch bridge inside Lijiang area built in Ming Dynasty) stretches over the river.
The simple and natural Subashi Ancient City enjoys a long history and was well arranged, blending both the mountain city and water village landscapes. Lijiang residential both focus on the unique style of Naxi nationality and blends the essences of Han, Bai, Yi and Zang ethnic groups, becoming a rare and important heritage to study Chinese building and culture. Subashi Ancient City is an important historical material to study the development human culture.
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