Beijing Jingshan Park
Chinese name: 北京景山公园 Beijing Jingshan Gongyuan
Location: No.44 Jingshan West Street, Xicheng District, Beijing
Opening time: 06:30 - 21:00(summer time)
06:30 - 20:00 (winter time)
How to get to Beijing Jingshan Park：
1. Take bus No.111 or No.124, and get off at the stop of Jingshan East Gate;
2. Take bus No.5 or No.609, and get off at the stop of Xibanqiao, then walk to the west gate of the park;
3. Take bus No.101, 103, 109, 124, 202, 211, 609 or 685, and get off at the stop of Forbidden City, then walk to the south gate of the park
Best time for visit: From March to May and from September to November
Recommended time for a visit: 1-2 hours
Brief introduction of Beijing Jingshan Park
Beijing Jingshan Park is a national AAAA level scenic area which located in Xicheng District of Beijing. Bordering Beihai Park in west direction and facing the Gate of Divine Might (神武门Shen Wu Men) of Forbidden City in south direction, the park was built in 1928 and it covers an area of some 23 hectares. The Hill of Jingshan in the park had once been a summit of old Beijing city, making Jingshan Park the best place in downtown Beijing to have a panoramic view of the city and the Forbidden City nowadays.
In ancient China’s Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, the Hill of Jingshan and the affiliated buildings was not only a royal garden for emperor family to kill time but also with other functions like archery learning, ancestor worship, royal school, agriculture learning, opera and religion education, etc. Fruit trees were planted and rare animals, like deer and crane were even raised here in Ming and Qing dynasties.
What to see in Beijing Jingshan Park
Hill of Jingshan
600 years ago Jingshan Hill was only a small earth mound named “Green Hill”, when the imperial palace was built in Beijing in Ming dynasty, coals were ever piled here thus it was also called “Coal Hill”. Due to the Hill of Jingshan was just on the central axis of the city, and stands in north of the imperial palace like a protective screen, it acted as a patron of the Forbidden City.
Built in 1750 and located at foot of a mountain, Qiwang Building was served as the place to consecrate Confucius by official school students in Jingshan. The building is composed of 15 rooms and surrounded by white marble stone fence. There were several clay sculptures on the stone wall bases in the north, east and west.
Emperor Chongzhen Suicide Spot
At the year of 1644, the peasant uprising leader Li Zicheng led his troop occupied Beijing. The last emperor of Ming dynasty Chongzhen escaped to Jingshan and hung himself on a wry-necked old scholar tree. The tree was cut off and then in 1996 an old scholar tree with more than one hundred and fifty years of age found in Dongcheng District of Beijing was transplanted to the site.
The Peonies Garden of Jingshan Park is the largest one to enjoy peonies in Beijing, and its peonies are well-known especially for high and long-aged plants, big and bright flowers. There are both traditional peonies of royal gardens and other famous varieties such as Luoyang Peony and Heze Peony in the Peonies Garden of Jingshan. About 20,000 peonies blossom in every May and make the park a sea of flowers.
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