Couplet (Chinese:对联) is a pair of antithetical phrases (sometime added a horizontal hung phrase) written on papers, silks hung on the columns of halls or just engraved on the columns, with concise characters but rich and deep connotations. It is a cultural gem of Chinese nation that has been listed into the non-material cultural heritages. A couplet is always strict in neat antithesis; in general, two lines are in the same structure with same characters in numbers, coordinate in tones, same parts of speech in the same locations, corresponding in rhythms and related in contents.
It is said that couplet was emerged as early as Qin Dynasty (221BC- 207BC), which later was popular among the upper classes as well as the civilians. As a traditional culture, couplet today is popular as the Spring Couplet, almost every family paste Spring Couplet to celebrate the New Year before the Spring Festival with auspicious phrases.
Chinese couplets can be matched in general antithetical ways with fixed words, like sky for earth, hill for water, spring flower for autumn moon and the like, some are interesting using homophonic, metaphor, exaggerate or other rhetoric, while some are ingenious using artful skills referring to almost every field. Also, there are some handed down long couplets are superior difficult that still not well-matched challenging modern people. The most famous long couplet in China is found in Kunming Daguan Park with altogether 180 characters, and a couplet with 350 characters in Yellow Crown Tower in Wuhan City is probably the longest couplet in the world.
More Topics for Chinese Culture
Far and wide known as Kungfu (功夫) all over the world, Chinese martial art is also called Wugong (武功) or Wushu (武术) at home by Chinese people. It can be seen as an art of attack and defense in which a series of skills and trick are highly emphasize...
Being a vivid Chinese cultural specialty as well as Kungfu and traditional Chinese medicine, Chinese tea has been being developed in China for a long time accompanied with which a series of tea culture took shape. Widely known in Chinese history as a...
Hot Tours 2017
- 3 Days Zhangjiajie Tour from Guangzhou
- 4 Days Beijing and Xi'an Highlights Budget Tour
- 8 Days Beijing, Huangshan & Shanghai Combo
- 10 Days Beijing, Xi'an, Shanghai Budget Tour
- 13 Days Classic China Budget Tour with Yangtze Cruise
- 10 Days Cuisine Feast Tour with All the Major China Cuisines
- 16 Days Yangtze Historical and Picturesque Tour
- 28 Days Fantastic China Highlights One Month Tour