Waterway of Empress Dowager Cixi
As a part of the Beijing water system, the Waterway of Empress Dowager Cixi is a considered as an archaic but modern tourist attraction. The reason why it is said to be archaic is that this river had opened up navigation since the Yuan Dynasty and continued to be used in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, amounting to more than 700 years in total. The construction of Waterway of Empress Dowager Cixi began in the years of Emperor Qianlong and flourish in the years of Emperor Guangxv. During this period of more than 200 years, Empress Dowager Cixi and 6 emperors of Qing Dynasty, including Emperor Qianlong, Emperor Jiaqing, Emperor Daoguang, Emperor Xianfeng and Emperor Guangxv, had ever excursed this waterway.
Empress Dowager Cixi
What to see along the Waterway?
Cruising along this waterway, people can take a chance to watch the three Holy Lands of Eastern Sea: the Phoenix Frusta imitating the Yingzhou Holy Land, the Tuancheng Holy Land imitating the Fangzhang Holy Land and the Nanhu Island imitating the Penglai Holy Land (Notes: Yingzhou, Fangzhang, Penglai, Daiyu and Yuanqiao are the famous holy lands in Chinese traditional legend); enroute, the Imperial four Waters can also be available: the sight of the Phoenix Frusta following that of Tai Lake, the sight of Jingming Tower following that of Dongting Lake, the West Dyke following the West Lake in Hangzhou and the Hanxv Hall following the Kunming Lake.
A bird-view of Nanhu Island Hanxv Hall
Four Delights from the Waterway
Delight of Boat: Cruising the Waterway by dragon boat, painted pleasure boat or Imperial boat of Empress Dowager Cixi, people can have a superb panorama of the lakes and the mountains.
Delight of Bridge: Appreciate the Six bridges of the West Dyke and the Xiuyi Bridge.
Delight of Water: The Highlights are the four waters and the three holy lands.
Delight of Scenery: Going through the pavilions, terraces and towers that stand among the Waterway, people will have a very dreamlike experience during the trip, just like the description in some ancient Chinese poems: It seems that the boat goes forward on the cloud and people position in an amazing picture and are surrounded by landscapes.
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